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# Enums and Pattern Matching

In this chapter we’ll look at *enumerations*, also referred to as *enums*.
Enums allow you to define a type by enumerating its possible values. First,
we’ll define and use an enum to show how an enum can encode meaning along with
data. Next, we’ll explore a particularly useful enum, called `Option`, which
expresses that a value can be either something or nothing. Then we’ll look at
how pattern matching in the `match` expression makes it easy to run different
code for different values of an enum. Finally, we’ll cover how the `if let`
construct is another convenient and concise idiom available to you to handle
enums in your code.

Enums are a feature in many languages, but their capabilities differ in each
language. Rust’s enums are most similar to *algebraic data types* in functional
languages, such as F#, OCaml, and Haskell.