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// Copyright 2016 The Rust Project Developers. See the COPYRIGHT
// file at the top-level directory of this distribution and at
// http://rust-lang.org/COPYRIGHT.
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 <LICENSE-APACHE or
// http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0> or the MIT license
// <LICENSE-MIT or http://opensource.org/licenses/MIT>, at your
// option. This file may not be copied, modified, or distributed
// except according to those terms.

//! A stack-allocated vector, allowing storage of N elements on the stack.

use std::marker::Unsize;
use std::iter::Extend;
use std::ptr::{self, drop_in_place, NonNull};
use std::ops::{Deref, DerefMut, Range};
use std::hash::{Hash, Hasher};
use std::slice;
use std::fmt;
use std::mem;
use std::collections::range::RangeArgument;
use std::collections::Bound::{Excluded, Included, Unbounded};
use std::mem::ManuallyDrop;

pub unsafe trait Array {
    type Element;
    type PartialStorage: Unsize<[ManuallyDrop<Self::Element>]>;
    const LEN: usize;
}

unsafe impl<T> Array for [T; 1] {
    type Element = T;
    type PartialStorage = [ManuallyDrop<T>; 1];
    const LEN: usize = 1;
}

unsafe impl<T> Array for [T; 8] {
    type Element = T;
    type PartialStorage = [ManuallyDrop<T>; 8];
    const LEN: usize = 8;
}

unsafe impl<T> Array for [T; 32] {
    type Element = T;
    type PartialStorage = [ManuallyDrop<T>; 32];
    const LEN: usize = 32;
}

pub struct ArrayVec<A: Array> {
    count: usize,
    values: A::PartialStorage
}

impl<A> Hash for ArrayVec<A>
    where A: Array,
          A::Element: Hash {
    fn hash<H>(&self, state: &mut H) where H: Hasher {
        (&self[..]).hash(state);
    }
}

impl<A> Clone for ArrayVec<A>
    where A: Array,
          A::Element: Clone {
    fn clone(&self) -> Self {
        let mut v = ArrayVec::new();
        v.extend(self.iter().cloned());
        v
    }
}

impl<A: Array> ArrayVec<A> {
    pub fn new() -> Self {
        ArrayVec {
            count: 0,
            values: unsafe { ::std::mem::uninitialized() },
        }
    }

    pub fn len(&self) -> usize {
        self.count
    }

    pub unsafe fn set_len(&mut self, len: usize) {
        self.count = len;
    }

    /// Panics when the stack vector is full.
    pub fn push(&mut self, el: A::Element) {
        let arr = &mut self.values as &mut [ManuallyDrop<_>];
        arr[self.count] = ManuallyDrop::new(el);
        self.count += 1;
    }

    pub fn pop(&mut self) -> Option<A::Element> {
        if self.count > 0 {
            let arr = &mut self.values as &mut [ManuallyDrop<_>];
            self.count -= 1;
            unsafe {
                let value = ptr::read(&*arr[self.count]);
                Some(value)
            }
        } else {
            None
        }
    }

    pub fn drain<R>(&mut self, range: R) -> Drain<A>
        where R: RangeArgument<usize>
    {
        // Memory safety
        //
        // When the Drain is first created, it shortens the length of
        // the source vector to make sure no uninitialized or moved-from elements
        // are accessible at all if the Drain's destructor never gets to run.
        //
        // Drain will ptr::read out the values to remove.
        // When finished, remaining tail of the vec is copied back to cover
        // the hole, and the vector length is restored to the new length.
        //
        let len = self.len();
        let start = match range.start() {
            Included(&n) => n,
            Excluded(&n) => n + 1,
            Unbounded    => 0,
        };
        let end = match range.end() {
            Included(&n) => n + 1,
            Excluded(&n) => n,
            Unbounded    => len,
        };
        assert!(start <= end);
        assert!(end <= len);

        unsafe {
            // set self.vec length's to start, to be safe in case Drain is leaked
            self.set_len(start);
            // Use the borrow in the IterMut to indicate borrowing behavior of the
            // whole Drain iterator (like &mut T).
            let range_slice = {
                let arr = &mut self.values as &mut [ManuallyDrop<<A as Array>::Element>];
                slice::from_raw_parts_mut(arr.as_mut_ptr().offset(start as isize),
                                          end - start)
            };
            Drain {
                tail_start: end,
                tail_len: len - end,
                iter: range_slice.iter(),
                array_vec: NonNull::from(self),
            }
        }
    }
}

impl<A> Default for ArrayVec<A>
    where A: Array {
    fn default() -> Self {
        ArrayVec::new()
    }
}

impl<A> fmt::Debug for ArrayVec<A>
    where A: Array,
          A::Element: fmt::Debug {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter) -> fmt::Result {
        self[..].fmt(f)
    }
}

impl<A: Array> Deref for ArrayVec<A> {
    type Target = [A::Element];
    fn deref(&self) -> &Self::Target {
        unsafe {
            slice::from_raw_parts(&self.values as *const _ as *const A::Element, self.count)
        }
    }
}

impl<A: Array> DerefMut for ArrayVec<A> {
    fn deref_mut(&mut self) -> &mut [A::Element] {
        unsafe {
            slice::from_raw_parts_mut(&mut self.values as *mut _ as *mut A::Element, self.count)
        }
    }
}

impl<A: Array> Drop for ArrayVec<A> {
    fn drop(&mut self) {
        unsafe {
            drop_in_place(&mut self[..])
        }
    }
}

impl<A: Array> Extend<A::Element> for ArrayVec<A> {
    fn extend<I>(&mut self, iter: I) where I: IntoIterator<Item=A::Element> {
        for el in iter {
            self.push(el);
        }
    }
}

pub struct Iter<A: Array> {
    indices: Range<usize>,
    store: A::PartialStorage,
}

impl<A: Array> Drop for Iter<A> {
    fn drop(&mut self) {
        for _ in self {}
    }
}

impl<A: Array> Iterator for Iter<A> {
    type Item = A::Element;

    fn next(&mut self) -> Option<A::Element> {
        let arr = &self.store as &[ManuallyDrop<_>];
        unsafe {
            self.indices.next().map(|i| ptr::read(&*arr[i]))
        }
    }

    fn size_hint(&self) -> (usize, Option<usize>) {
        self.indices.size_hint()
    }
}

pub struct Drain<'a, A: Array>
        where A::Element: 'a
{
    tail_start: usize,
    tail_len: usize,
    iter: slice::Iter<'a, ManuallyDrop<A::Element>>,
    array_vec: NonNull<ArrayVec<A>>,
}

impl<'a, A: Array> Iterator for Drain<'a, A> {
    type Item = A::Element;

    #[inline]
    fn next(&mut self) -> Option<A::Element> {
        self.iter.next().map(|elt| unsafe { ptr::read(&**elt) })
    }

    fn size_hint(&self) -> (usize, Option<usize>) {
        self.iter.size_hint()
    }
}

impl<'a, A: Array> Drop for Drain<'a, A> {
    fn drop(&mut self) {
        // exhaust self first
        while let Some(_) = self.next() {}

        if self.tail_len > 0 {
            unsafe {
                let source_array_vec: &mut ArrayVec<A> = self.array_vec.as_mut();
                // memmove back untouched tail, update to new length
                let start = source_array_vec.len();
                let tail = self.tail_start;
                {
                    let arr =
                        &mut source_array_vec.values as &mut [ManuallyDrop<<A as Array>::Element>];
                    let src = arr.as_ptr().offset(tail as isize);
                    let dst = arr.as_mut_ptr().offset(start as isize);
                    ptr::copy(src, dst, self.tail_len);
                };
                source_array_vec.set_len(start + self.tail_len);
            }
        }
    }
}

impl<A: Array> IntoIterator for ArrayVec<A> {
    type Item = A::Element;
    type IntoIter = Iter<A>;
    fn into_iter(self) -> Self::IntoIter {
        let store = unsafe {
            ptr::read(&self.values)
        };
        let indices = 0..self.count;
        mem::forget(self);
        Iter {
            indices,
            store,
        }
    }
}

impl<'a, A: Array> IntoIterator for &'a ArrayVec<A> {
    type Item = &'a A::Element;
    type IntoIter = slice::Iter<'a, A::Element>;
    fn into_iter(self) -> Self::IntoIter {
        self.iter()
    }
}

impl<'a, A: Array> IntoIterator for &'a mut ArrayVec<A> {
    type Item = &'a mut A::Element;
    type IntoIter = slice::IterMut<'a, A::Element>;
    fn into_iter(self) -> Self::IntoIter {
        self.iter_mut()
    }
}