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The union of all files from all check-ins in directory wiki_references/2017/software/simulators/p2psim/src/third_party/libgmp_v_4_1_2/gmp-4.1.2/mpn/pa32   [history]


Copyright 1996, 1999, 2001 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

This file is part of the GNU MP Library.

The GNU MP Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or (at your
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The GNU MP Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY
or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU Lesser General Public
License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
along with the GNU MP Library; see the file COPYING.LIB.  If not, write to
the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA
02111-1307, USA.






This directory contains mpn functions for various HP PA-RISC chips.  Code
that runs faster on the PA7100 and later implementations, is in the pa7100
directory.

RELEVANT OPTIMIZATION ISSUES

  Load and Store timing

On the PA7000 no memory instructions can issue the two cycles after a store.
For the PA7100, this is reduced to one cycle.

The PA7100 has a lookup-free cache, so it helps to schedule loads and the
dependent instruction really far from each other.

STATUS

1. mpn_mul_1 could be improved to 6.5 cycles/limb on the PA7100, using the
   instructions below (but some sw pipelining is needed to avoid the
   xmpyu-fstds delay):

	fldds	s1_ptr

	xmpyu
	fstds	N(%r30)
	xmpyu
	fstds	N(%r30)

	ldws	N(%r30)
	ldws	N(%r30)
	ldws	N(%r30)
	ldws	N(%r30)

	addc
	stws	res_ptr
	addc
	stws	res_ptr

	addib	Loop

2. mpn_addmul_1 could be improved from the current 10 to 7.5 cycles/limb
   (asymptotically) on the PA7100, using the instructions below.  With proper
   sw pipelining and the unrolling level below, the speed becomes 8
   cycles/limb.

	fldds	s1_ptr
	fldds	s1_ptr

	xmpyu
	fstds	N(%r30)
	xmpyu
	fstds	N(%r30)
	xmpyu
	fstds	N(%r30)
	xmpyu
	fstds	N(%r30)

	ldws	N(%r30)
	ldws	N(%r30)
	ldws	N(%r30)
	ldws	N(%r30)
	ldws	N(%r30)
	ldws	N(%r30)
	ldws	N(%r30)
	ldws	N(%r30)
	addc
	addc
	addc
	addc
	addc	%r0,%r0,cy-limb

	ldws	res_ptr
	ldws	res_ptr
	ldws	res_ptr
	ldws	res_ptr
	add
	stws	res_ptr
	addc
	stws	res_ptr
	addc
	stws	res_ptr
	addc
	stws	res_ptr

	addib

3. For the PA8000 we have to stick to using 32-bit limbs before compiler
   support emerges.  But we want to use 64-bit operations whenever possible,
   in particular for loads and stores.  It is possible to handle mpn_add_n
   efficiently by rotating (when s1/s2 are aligned), masking+bit field
   inserting when (they are not).  The speed should double compared to the
   code used today.




LABEL SYNTAX

The HP-UX assembler takes labels starting in column 0 with no colon,

	L$loop  ldws,mb -4(0,%r25),%r22

Gas on hppa GNU/Linux however requires a colon,

	L$loop: ldws,mb -4(0,%r25),%r22

Fortunately both accept a ".label" pseudo-op,

		.label  L$loop
		ldws,mb -4(0,%r25),%r22





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