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/* mpz_cdiv_r_2exp, mpz_fdiv_r_2exp -- remainder from mpz divided by 2^n.

Copyright 2001, 2002 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

This file is part of the GNU MP Library.

The GNU MP Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or (at your
option) any later version.

The GNU MP Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY
or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU Lesser General Public
License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
along with the GNU MP Library; see the file COPYING.LIB.  If not, write to
the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston,
MA 02111-1307, USA. */

#include "gmp.h"
#include "gmp-impl.h"


/* Bit mask of "n" least significant bits of a limb. */
#define LOW_MASK(n)   ((CNST_LIMB(1) << (n)) - 1)


/* dir==1 for ceil, dir==-1 for floor */

static void __gmpz_cfdiv_r_2exp _PROTO ((REGPARM_3_1 (mpz_ptr w, mpz_srcptr u, unsigned long cnt, int dir))) REGPARM_ATTR (1);
#define cfdiv_r_2exp(w,u,cnt,dir)  __gmpz_cfdiv_r_2exp (REGPARM_3_1 (w, u, cnt, dir))

static void
cfdiv_r_2exp (mpz_ptr w, mpz_srcptr u, unsigned long cnt, int dir)
{
  mp_size_t  usize, abs_usize, limb_cnt, i;
  mp_srcptr  up;
  mp_ptr     wp;
  mp_limb_t  high;

  usize = SIZ(u);
  if (usize == 0)
    {
      SIZ(w) = 0;
      return;
    }

  limb_cnt = cnt / GMP_NUMB_BITS;
  cnt %= GMP_NUMB_BITS;
  abs_usize = ABS (usize);

  /* MPZ_REALLOC(w) below is only when w!=u, so we can fetch PTR(u) here
     nice and early */
  up = PTR(u);

  if ((usize ^ dir) < 0)
    {
      /* Round towards zero, means just truncate */

      if (w == u)
        {
          /* if already smaller than limb_cnt then do nothing */
          if (abs_usize <= limb_cnt)
            return;
          wp = PTR(w);
        }
      else
        {
          i = MIN (abs_usize, limb_cnt+1);
          MPZ_REALLOC (w, i);
          wp = PTR(w);
          MPN_COPY (wp, up, i);

          /* if smaller than limb_cnt then only the copy is needed */
          if (abs_usize <= limb_cnt)
            {
              SIZ(w) = usize;
              return;
            }
        }
    }
  else
    {
      /* Round away from zero, means twos complement if non-zero */

      /* if u!=0 and smaller than divisor, then must negate */
      if (abs_usize <= limb_cnt)
        goto negate;

      /* if non-zero low limb, then must negate */
      for (i = 0; i < limb_cnt; i++)
        if (up[i] != 0)
          goto negate;

      /* if non-zero partial limb, then must negate */
      if ((up[limb_cnt] & LOW_MASK (cnt)) != 0)
        goto negate;

      /* otherwise low bits of u are zero, so that's the result */
      SIZ(w) = 0;
      return;

    negate:
      /* twos complement negation to get 2**cnt-u */

      MPZ_REALLOC (w, limb_cnt+1);
      up = PTR(u);
      wp = PTR(w);

      /* Ones complement */
      i = MIN (abs_usize, limb_cnt+1);
      mpn_com_n (wp, up, i);
      for ( ; i <= limb_cnt; i++)
        wp[i] = GMP_NUMB_MAX;

      /* Twos complement.  Since u!=0 in the relevant part, the twos
         complement never gives 0 and a carry, so can use MPN_INCR_U. */
      MPN_INCR_U (wp, limb_cnt+1, CNST_LIMB(1));

      usize = -usize;
    }

  /* Mask the high limb */
  high = wp[limb_cnt];
  high &= LOW_MASK (cnt);
  wp[limb_cnt] = high;

  /* Strip any consequent high zeros */
  while (high == 0)
    {
      limb_cnt--;
      if (limb_cnt < 0)
        {
          SIZ(w) = 0;
          return;
        }
      high = wp[limb_cnt];
    }

  limb_cnt++;
  SIZ(w) = (usize >= 0 ? limb_cnt : -limb_cnt);
}


void
mpz_cdiv_r_2exp (mpz_ptr w, mpz_srcptr u, unsigned long cnt)
{
  cfdiv_r_2exp (w, u, cnt, 1);
}

void
mpz_fdiv_r_2exp (mpz_ptr w, mpz_srcptr u, unsigned long cnt)
{
  cfdiv_r_2exp (w, u, cnt, -1);
}