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Artifact 9ae39a5e21b18bca3cef29c46d4192f0f7d5ce21:


#include "document.h"

#include <assert.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <stdio.h>

#include "stack.h"

#ifndef _MSC_VER
#include <strings.h>
#else
#define strncasecmp	_strnicmp
#endif

#define REF_TABLE_SIZE 8

#define BUFFER_BLOCK 0
#define BUFFER_SPAN 1

#define HOEDOWN_LI_END 8	/* internal list flag */

const char *hoedown_find_block_tag(const char *str, unsigned int len);

/***************
 * LOCAL TYPES *
 ***************/

/* link_ref: reference to a link */
struct link_ref {
	unsigned int id;

	hoedown_buffer *link;
	hoedown_buffer *title;

	struct link_ref *next;
};

/* footnote_ref: reference to a footnote */
struct footnote_ref {
	unsigned int id;

	int is_used;
	unsigned int num;

	hoedown_buffer *contents;
};

/* footnote_item: an item in a footnote_list */
struct footnote_item {
	struct footnote_ref *ref;
	struct footnote_item *next;
};

/* footnote_list: linked list of footnote_item */
struct footnote_list {
	unsigned int count;
	struct footnote_item *head;
	struct footnote_item *tail;
};

/* char_trigger: function pointer to render active chars */
/*   returns the number of chars taken care of */
/*   data is the pointer of the beginning of the span */
/*   offset is the number of valid chars before data */
typedef size_t
(*char_trigger)(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line);

static size_t char_emphasis(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line);
static size_t char_quote(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line);
static size_t char_linebreak(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line);
static size_t char_codespan(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line);
static size_t char_escape(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line);
static size_t char_entity(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line);
static size_t char_langle_tag(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line);
static size_t char_autolink_url(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line);
static size_t char_autolink_email(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line);
static size_t char_autolink_www(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line);
static size_t char_link(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line);
static size_t char_image(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line);
static size_t char_superscript(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line);
static size_t char_math(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line);

enum markdown_char_t {
	MD_CHAR_NONE = 0,
	MD_CHAR_EMPHASIS,
	MD_CHAR_CODESPAN,
	MD_CHAR_LINEBREAK,
	MD_CHAR_LINK,
	MD_CHAR_IMAGE,
	MD_CHAR_LANGLE,
	MD_CHAR_ESCAPE,
	MD_CHAR_ENTITY,
	MD_CHAR_AUTOLINK_URL,
	MD_CHAR_AUTOLINK_EMAIL,
	MD_CHAR_AUTOLINK_WWW,
	MD_CHAR_SUPERSCRIPT,
	MD_CHAR_QUOTE,
	MD_CHAR_MATH
};

static char_trigger markdown_char_ptrs[] = {
	NULL,
	&char_emphasis,
	&char_codespan,
	&char_linebreak,
	&char_link,
	&char_image,
	&char_langle_tag,
	&char_escape,
	&char_entity,
	&char_autolink_url,
	&char_autolink_email,
	&char_autolink_www,
	&char_superscript,
	&char_quote,
	&char_math
};

struct hoedown_document {
	hoedown_renderer md;
	hoedown_renderer_data data;

	struct link_ref *refs[REF_TABLE_SIZE];
	struct footnote_list footnotes_found;
	struct footnote_list footnotes_used;
	uint8_t active_char[256];
	hoedown_stack work_bufs[2];
	hoedown_extensions ext_flags;
	size_t max_nesting;
	int in_link_body;
};

/***************************
 * HELPER FUNCTIONS *
 ***************************/

static hoedown_buffer *
newbuf(hoedown_document *doc, int type)
{
	static const size_t buf_size[2] = {256, 64};
	hoedown_buffer *work = NULL;
	hoedown_stack *pool = &doc->work_bufs[type];

	if (pool->size < pool->asize &&
		pool->item[pool->size] != NULL) {
		work = pool->item[pool->size++];
		work->size = 0;
	} else {
		work = hoedown_buffer_new(buf_size[type]);
		hoedown_stack_push(pool, work);
	}

	return work;
}

static void
popbuf(hoedown_document *doc, int type)
{
	doc->work_bufs[type].size--;
}

static void
unscape_text(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_buffer *src)
{
	size_t i = 0, org;
	while (i < src->size) {
		org = i;
		while (i < src->size && src->data[i] != '\\')
			i++;

		if (i > org)
			hoedown_buffer_put(ob, src->data + org, i - org);

		if (i + 1 >= src->size)
			break;

		hoedown_buffer_putc(ob, src->data[i + 1]);
		i += 2;
	}
}

static unsigned int
hash_link_ref(const uint8_t *link_ref, size_t length)
{
	size_t i;
	unsigned int hash = 0;

	for (i = 0; i < length; ++i)
		hash = tolower(link_ref[i]) + (hash << 6) + (hash << 16) - hash;

	return hash;
}

static struct link_ref *
add_link_ref(
	struct link_ref **references,
	const uint8_t *name, size_t name_size)
{
	struct link_ref *ref = hoedown_calloc(1, sizeof(struct link_ref));

	ref->id = hash_link_ref(name, name_size);
	ref->next = references[ref->id % REF_TABLE_SIZE];

	references[ref->id % REF_TABLE_SIZE] = ref;
	return ref;
}

static struct link_ref *
find_link_ref(struct link_ref **references, uint8_t *name, size_t length)
{
	unsigned int hash = hash_link_ref(name, length);
	struct link_ref *ref = NULL;

	ref = references[hash % REF_TABLE_SIZE];

	while (ref != NULL) {
		if (ref->id == hash)
			return ref;

		ref = ref->next;
	}

	return NULL;
}

static void
free_link_refs(struct link_ref **references)
{
	size_t i;

	for (i = 0; i < REF_TABLE_SIZE; ++i) {
		struct link_ref *r = references[i];
		struct link_ref *next;

		while (r) {
			next = r->next;
			hoedown_buffer_free(r->link);
			hoedown_buffer_free(r->title);
			free(r);
			r = next;
		}
	}
}

static struct footnote_ref *
create_footnote_ref(struct footnote_list *list, const uint8_t *name, size_t name_size)
{
	struct footnote_ref *ref = hoedown_calloc(1, sizeof(struct footnote_ref));

	ref->id = hash_link_ref(name, name_size);

	return ref;
}

static int
add_footnote_ref(struct footnote_list *list, struct footnote_ref *ref)
{
	struct footnote_item *item = hoedown_calloc(1, sizeof(struct footnote_item));
	if (!item)
		return 0;
	item->ref = ref;

	if (list->head == NULL) {
		list->head = list->tail = item;
	} else {
		list->tail->next = item;
		list->tail = item;
	}
	list->count++;

	return 1;
}

static struct footnote_ref *
find_footnote_ref(struct footnote_list *list, uint8_t *name, size_t length)
{
	unsigned int hash = hash_link_ref(name, length);
	struct footnote_item *item = NULL;

	item = list->head;

	while (item != NULL) {
		if (item->ref->id == hash)
			return item->ref;
		item = item->next;
	}

	return NULL;
}

static void
free_footnote_ref(struct footnote_ref *ref)
{
	hoedown_buffer_free(ref->contents);
	free(ref);
}

static void
free_footnote_list(struct footnote_list *list, int free_refs)
{
	struct footnote_item *item = list->head;
	struct footnote_item *next;

	while (item) {
		next = item->next;
		if (free_refs)
			free_footnote_ref(item->ref);
		free(item);
		item = next;
	}
}


/*
 * Check whether a char is a Markdown spacing char.

 * Right now we only consider spaces the actual
 * space and a newline: tabs and carriage returns
 * are filtered out during the preprocessing phase.
 *
 * If we wanted to actually be UTF-8 compliant, we
 * should instead extract an Unicode codepoint from
 * this character and check for space properties.
 */
static int
_isspace(int c)
{
	return c == ' ' || c == '\n';
}

/* is_empty_all: verify that all the data is spacing */
static int
is_empty_all(const uint8_t *data, size_t size)
{
	size_t i = 0;
	while (i < size && _isspace(data[i])) i++;
	return i == size;
}

/*
 * Replace all spacing characters in data with spaces. As a special
 * case, this collapses a newline with the previous space, if possible.
 */
static void
replace_spacing(hoedown_buffer *ob, const uint8_t *data, size_t size)
{
	size_t i = 0, mark;
	hoedown_buffer_grow(ob, size);
	while (1) {
		mark = i;
		while (i < size && data[i] != '\n') i++;
		hoedown_buffer_put(ob, data + mark, i - mark);

		if (i >= size) break;

		if (!(i > 0 && data[i-1] == ' '))
			hoedown_buffer_putc(ob, ' ');
		i++;
	}
}

/****************************
 * INLINE PARSING FUNCTIONS *
 ****************************/

/* is_mail_autolink • looks for the address part of a mail autolink and '>' */
/* this is less strict than the original markdown e-mail address matching */
static size_t
is_mail_autolink(uint8_t *data, size_t size)
{
	size_t i = 0, nb = 0;

	/* address is assumed to be: [-@._a-zA-Z0-9]+ with exactly one '@' */
	for (i = 0; i < size; ++i) {
		if (isalnum(data[i]))
			continue;

		switch (data[i]) {
			case '@':
				nb++;

			case '-':
			case '.':
			case '_':
				break;

			case '>':
				return (nb == 1) ? i + 1 : 0;

			default:
				return 0;
		}
	}

	return 0;
}

/* tag_length • returns the length of the given tag, or 0 is it's not valid */
static size_t
tag_length(uint8_t *data, size_t size, hoedown_autolink_type *autolink)
{
	size_t i, j;

	/* a valid tag can't be shorter than 3 chars */
	if (size < 3) return 0;

	if (data[0] != '<') return 0;

        /* HTML comment, laxist form */
        if (size > 5 && data[1] == '!' && data[2] == '-' && data[3] == '-') {
		i = 5;

		while (i < size && !(data[i - 2] == '-' && data[i - 1] == '-' && data[i] == '>'))
			i++;

		i++;

		if (i <= size)
			return i;
        }

	/* begins with a '<' optionally followed by '/', followed by letter or number */
        i = (data[1] == '/') ? 2 : 1;

	if (!isalnum(data[i]))
		return 0;

	/* scheme test */
	*autolink = HOEDOWN_AUTOLINK_NONE;

	/* try to find the beginning of an URI */
	while (i < size && (isalnum(data[i]) || data[i] == '.' || data[i] == '+' || data[i] == '-'))
		i++;

	if (i > 1 && data[i] == '@') {
		if ((j = is_mail_autolink(data + i, size - i)) != 0) {
			*autolink = HOEDOWN_AUTOLINK_EMAIL;
			return i + j;
		}
	}

	if (i > 2 && data[i] == ':') {
		*autolink = HOEDOWN_AUTOLINK_NORMAL;
		i++;
	}

	/* completing autolink test: no spacing or ' or " */
	if (i >= size)
		*autolink = HOEDOWN_AUTOLINK_NONE;

	else if (*autolink) {
		j = i;

		while (i < size) {
			if (data[i] == '\\') i += 2;
			else if (data[i] == '>' || data[i] == '\'' ||
					data[i] == '"' || data[i] == ' ' || data[i] == '\n')
					break;
			else i++;
		}

		if (i >= size) return 0;
		if (i > j && data[i] == '>') return i + 1;
		/* one of the forbidden chars has been found */
		*autolink = HOEDOWN_AUTOLINK_NONE;
	}

	/* looking for something looking like a tag end */
	while (i < size && data[i] != '>') i++;
	if (i >= size) return 0;
	return i + 1;
}

/* parse_inline • parses inline markdown elements */
static void
parse_inline(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t size, size_t line)
{
	size_t i = 0, end = 0, consumed = 0;
	hoedown_buffer work = { 0, 0, 0, 0, NULL, NULL, NULL };
	uint8_t *active_char = doc->active_char;

	if (doc->work_bufs[BUFFER_SPAN].size +
		doc->work_bufs[BUFFER_BLOCK].size > doc->max_nesting)
		return;

	while (i < size) {
		/* copying inactive chars into the output */
		while (end < size && active_char[data[end]] == 0)
			end++;

		if (doc->md.normal_text) {
			work.data = data + i;
			work.size = end - i;
			doc->md.normal_text(ob, &work, &doc->data, line);
		}
		else
			hoedown_buffer_put(ob, data + i, end - i);

		if (end >= size) break;
		i = end;

		end = markdown_char_ptrs[ (int)active_char[data[end]] ](ob, doc, data + i, i - consumed, size - i, line);
		if (!end) /* no action from the callback */
			end = i + 1;
		else {
			i += end;
			end = i;
			consumed = i;
		}
	}
}

/* is_escaped • returns whether special char at data[loc] is escaped by '\\' */
static int
is_escaped(uint8_t *data, size_t loc)
{
	size_t i = loc;
	while (i >= 1 && data[i - 1] == '\\')
		i--;

	/* odd numbers of backslashes escapes data[loc] */
	return (loc - i) % 2;
}

/* find_emph_char • looks for the next emph uint8_t, skipping other constructs */
static size_t
find_emph_char(uint8_t *data, size_t size, uint8_t c)
{
	size_t i = 0;

	while (i < size) {
		while (i < size && data[i] != c && data[i] != '[' && data[i] != '`')
			i++;

		if (i == size)
			return 0;

		/* not counting escaped chars */
		if (is_escaped(data, i)) {
			i++; continue;
		}

		if (data[i] == c)
			return i;

		/* skipping a codespan */
		if (data[i] == '`') {
			size_t span_nb = 0, bt;
			size_t tmp_i = 0;

			/* counting the number of opening backticks */
			while (i < size && data[i] == '`') {
				i++; span_nb++;
			}

			if (i >= size) return 0;

			/* finding the matching closing sequence */
			bt = 0;
			while (i < size && bt < span_nb) {
				if (!tmp_i && data[i] == c) tmp_i = i;
				if (data[i] == '`') bt++;
				else bt = 0;
				i++;
			}

			/* not a well-formed codespan; use found matching emph char */
			if (bt < span_nb && i >= size) return tmp_i;
		}
		/* skipping a link */
		else if (data[i] == '[') {
			size_t tmp_i = 0;
			uint8_t cc;

			i++;
			while (i < size && data[i] != ']') {
				if (!tmp_i && data[i] == c) tmp_i = i;
				i++;
			}

			i++;
			while (i < size && _isspace(data[i]))
				i++;

			if (i >= size)
				return tmp_i;

			switch (data[i]) {
			case '[':
				cc = ']'; break;

			case '(':
				cc = ')'; break;

			default:
				if (tmp_i)
					return tmp_i;
				else
					continue;
			}

			i++;
			while (i < size && data[i] != cc) {
				if (!tmp_i && data[i] == c) tmp_i = i;
				i++;
			}

			if (i >= size)
				return tmp_i;

			i++;
		}
	}

	return 0;
}

/* parse_emph1 • parsing single emphase */
/* closed by a symbol not preceded by spacing and not followed by symbol */
static size_t
parse_emph1(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t size, uint8_t c, size_t line)
{
	size_t i = 0, len;
	hoedown_buffer *work = 0;
	int r;

	/* skipping one symbol if coming from emph3 */
	if (size > 1 && data[0] == c && data[1] == c) i = 1;

	while (i < size) {
		len = find_emph_char(data + i, size - i, c);
		if (!len) return 0;
		i += len;
		if (i >= size) return 0;

		if (data[i] == c && !_isspace(data[i - 1])) {

			if (doc->ext_flags & HOEDOWN_EXT_NO_INTRA_EMPHASIS) {
				if (i + 1 < size && isalnum(data[i + 1]))
					continue;
			}

			work = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
			parse_inline(work, doc, data, i, line);

			if (doc->ext_flags & HOEDOWN_EXT_UNDERLINE && c == '_')
				r = doc->md.underline(ob, work, &doc->data, line);
			else
				r = doc->md.emphasis(ob, work, &doc->data, line);

			popbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
			return r ? i + 1 : 0;
		}
	}

	return 0;
}

/* parse_emph2 • parsing single emphase */
static size_t
parse_emph2(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t size, uint8_t c, size_t line)
{
	size_t i = 0, len;
	hoedown_buffer *work = 0;
	int r;

	while (i < size) {
		len = find_emph_char(data + i, size - i, c);
		if (!len) return 0;
		i += len;

		if (i + 1 < size && data[i] == c && data[i + 1] == c && i && !_isspace(data[i - 1])) {
			work = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
			parse_inline(work, doc, data, i, line);

			if (c == '~')
				r = doc->md.strikethrough(ob, work, &doc->data, line);
			else if (c == '=')
				r = doc->md.highlight(ob, work, &doc->data, line);
			else
				r = doc->md.double_emphasis(ob, work, &doc->data, line);

			popbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
			return r ? i + 2 : 0;
		}
		i++;
	}
	return 0;
}

/* parse_emph3 • parsing single emphase */
/* finds the first closing tag, and delegates to the other emph */
static size_t
parse_emph3(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t size, uint8_t c, size_t line)
{
	size_t i = 0, len;
	int r;

	while (i < size) {
		len = find_emph_char(data + i, size - i, c);
		if (!len) return 0;
		i += len;

		/* skip spacing preceded symbols */
		if (data[i] != c || _isspace(data[i - 1]))
			continue;

		if (i + 2 < size && data[i + 1] == c && data[i + 2] == c && doc->md.triple_emphasis) {
			/* triple symbol found */
			hoedown_buffer *work = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);

			parse_inline(work, doc, data, i, line);
			r = doc->md.triple_emphasis(ob, work, &doc->data, line);
			popbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
			return r ? i + 3 : 0;

		} else if (i + 1 < size && data[i + 1] == c) {
			/* double symbol found, handing over to emph1 */
			len = parse_emph1(ob, doc, data - 2, size + 2, c, line);
			if (!len) return 0;
			else return len - 2;

		} else {
			/* single symbol found, handing over to emph2 */
			len = parse_emph2(ob, doc, data - 1, size + 1, c, line);
			if (!len) return 0;
			else return len - 1;
		}
	}
	return 0;
}

/* parse_math • parses a math span until the given ending delimiter */
static size_t
parse_math(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, const char *end, size_t delimsz, int displaymode, size_t line)
{
	hoedown_buffer text = { NULL, 0, 0, 0, NULL, NULL, NULL };
	size_t i = delimsz;

	if (!doc->md.math)
		return 0;

	/* find ending delimiter */
	while (1) {
		while (i < size && data[i] != (uint8_t)end[0])
			i++;

		if (i >= size)
			return 0;

		if (!is_escaped(data, i) && !(i + delimsz > size)
			&& memcmp(data + i, end, delimsz) == 0)
			break;

		i++;
	}

	/* prepare buffers */
	text.data = data + delimsz;
	text.size = i - delimsz;

	/* if this is a $$ and MATH_EXPLICIT is not active,
	 * guess whether displaymode should be enabled from the context */
	i += delimsz;
	if (delimsz == 2 && !(doc->ext_flags & HOEDOWN_EXT_MATH_EXPLICIT))
		displaymode = is_empty_all(data - offset, offset) && is_empty_all(data + i, size - i);

	/* call callback */
	if (doc->md.math(ob, &text, displaymode, &doc->data, line))
		return i;

	return 0;
}

/* char_emphasis • single and double emphasis parsing */
static size_t
char_emphasis(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line)
{
	uint8_t c = data[0];
	size_t ret;

	if (doc->ext_flags & HOEDOWN_EXT_NO_INTRA_EMPHASIS) {
		if (offset > 0 && !_isspace(data[-1]) && data[-1] != '>' && data[-1] != '(')
			return 0;
	}

	if (size > 2 && data[1] != c) {
		/* spacing cannot follow an opening emphasis;
		 * strikethrough and highlight only takes two characters '~~' */
		if (c == '~' || c == '=' || _isspace(data[1]) || (ret = parse_emph1(ob, doc, data + 1, size - 1, c, line)) == 0)
			return 0;

		return ret + 1;
	}

	if (size > 3 && data[1] == c && data[2] != c) {
		if (_isspace(data[2]) || (ret = parse_emph2(ob, doc, data + 2, size - 2, c, line)) == 0)
			return 0;

		return ret + 2;
	}

	if (size > 4 && data[1] == c && data[2] == c && data[3] != c) {
		if (c == '~' || c == '=' || _isspace(data[3]) || (ret = parse_emph3(ob, doc, data + 3, size - 3, c, line)) == 0)
			return 0;

		return ret + 3;
	}

	return 0;
}


/* char_linebreak • '\n' preceded by two spaces (assuming linebreak != 0) */
static size_t
char_linebreak(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line)
{
	if (offset < 2 || data[-1] != ' ' || data[-2] != ' ')
		return 0;

	/* removing the last space from ob and rendering */
	while (ob->size && ob->data[ob->size - 1] == ' ')
		ob->size--;

	return doc->md.linebreak(ob, &doc->data, line) ? 1 : 0;
}


/* char_codespan • '`' parsing a code span (assuming codespan != 0) */
static size_t
char_codespan(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line)
{
	hoedown_buffer work = { NULL, 0, 0, 0, NULL, NULL, NULL };
	size_t end, nb = 0, i, f_begin, f_end;

	/* counting the number of backticks in the delimiter */
	while (nb < size && data[nb] == '`')
		nb++;

	/* finding the next delimiter */
	i = 0;
	for (end = nb; end < size && i < nb; end++) {
		if (data[end] == '`') i++;
		else i = 0;
	}

	if (i < nb && end >= size)
		return 0; /* no matching delimiter */

	/* trimming outside spaces */
	f_begin = nb;
	while (f_begin < end && data[f_begin] == ' ')
		f_begin++;

	f_end = end - nb;
	while (f_end > nb && data[f_end-1] == ' ')
		f_end--;

	/* real code span */
	if (f_begin < f_end) {
		work.data = data + f_begin;
		work.size = f_end - f_begin;

		if (!doc->md.codespan(ob, &work, &doc->data, line))
			end = 0;
	} else {
		if (!doc->md.codespan(ob, 0, &doc->data, line))
			end = 0;
	}

	return end;
}

/* char_quote • '"' parsing a quote */
static size_t
char_quote(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line)
{
	size_t end, nq = 0, i, f_begin, f_end;

	/* counting the number of quotes in the delimiter */
	while (nq < size && data[nq] == '"')
		nq++;

	/* finding the next delimiter */
	end = nq;
	while (1) {
		i = end;
		end += find_emph_char(data + end, size - end, '"');
		if (end == i) return 0;		/* no matching delimiter */
		i = end;
		while (end < size && data[end] == '"' && end - i < nq) end++;
		if (end - i >= nq) break;
	}

	/* trimming outside spaces */
	f_begin = nq;
	while (f_begin < end && data[f_begin] == ' ')
		f_begin++;

	f_end = end - nq;
	while (f_end > nq && data[f_end-1] == ' ')
		f_end--;

	/* real quote */
	if (f_begin < f_end) {
		hoedown_buffer *work = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
		parse_inline(work, doc, data + f_begin, f_end - f_begin, line);

		if (!doc->md.quote(ob, work, &doc->data, line))
			end = 0;
		popbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
	} else {
		if (!doc->md.quote(ob, 0, &doc->data, line))
			end = 0;
	}

	return end;
}


/* char_escape • '\\' backslash escape */
static size_t
char_escape(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line)
{
	static const char *escape_chars = "\\`*_{}[]()#+-.!:|&<>^~=\"$";
	hoedown_buffer work = { 0, 0, 0, 0, NULL, NULL, NULL };
	size_t w;

	if (size > 1) {
		if (data[1] == '\\' && (doc->ext_flags & HOEDOWN_EXT_MATH) &&
			size > 2 && (data[2] == '(' || data[2] == '[')) {
			const char *end = (data[2] == '[') ? "\\\\]" : "\\\\)";
			w = parse_math(ob, doc, data, offset, size, end, 3, data[2] == '[', line);
			if (w) return w;
		}

		if (strchr(escape_chars, data[1]) == NULL)
			return 0;

		if (doc->md.normal_text) {
			work.data = data + 1;
			work.size = 1;
			doc->md.normal_text(ob, &work, &doc->data, line);
		}
		else hoedown_buffer_putc(ob, data[1]);
	} else if (size == 1) {
		if (doc->md.normal_text) {
			work.data = data;
			work.size = 1;
			doc->md.normal_text(ob, &work, &doc->data, line);
		}
		else hoedown_buffer_putc(ob, data[0]);
	}

	return 2;
}

/* char_entity • '&' escaped when it doesn't belong to an entity */
/* valid entities are assumed to be anything matching &#?[A-Za-z0-9]+; */
static size_t
char_entity(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line)
{
	size_t end = 1;
	hoedown_buffer work = { 0, 0, 0, 0, NULL, NULL, NULL };

	if (end < size && data[end] == '#')
		end++;

	while (end < size && isalnum(data[end]))
		end++;

	if (end < size && data[end] == ';')
		end++; /* real entity */
	else
		return 0; /* lone '&' */

	if (doc->md.entity) {
		work.data = data;
		work.size = end;
		doc->md.entity(ob, &work, &doc->data, line);
	}
	else hoedown_buffer_put(ob, data, end);

	return end;
}

/* char_langle_tag • '<' when tags or autolinks are allowed */
static size_t
char_langle_tag(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line)
{
	hoedown_buffer work = { NULL, 0, 0, 0, NULL, NULL, NULL };
	hoedown_autolink_type altype = HOEDOWN_AUTOLINK_NONE;
	size_t end = tag_length(data, size, &altype);
	int ret = 0;

	work.data = data;
	work.size = end;

	if (end > 2) {
		if (doc->md.autolink && altype != HOEDOWN_AUTOLINK_NONE) {
			hoedown_buffer *u_link = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
			work.data = data + 1;
			work.size = end - 2;
			unscape_text(u_link, &work);
			ret = doc->md.autolink(ob, u_link, altype, &doc->data, line);
			popbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
		}
		else if (doc->md.raw_html)
			ret = doc->md.raw_html(ob, &work, &doc->data, line);
	}

	if (!ret) return 0;
	else return end;
}

static size_t
char_autolink_www(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line)
{
	hoedown_buffer *link, *link_url, *link_text;
	size_t link_len, rewind;

	if (!doc->md.link || doc->in_link_body)
		return 0;

	link = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);

	if ((link_len = hoedown_autolink__www(&rewind, link, data, offset, size, HOEDOWN_AUTOLINK_SHORT_DOMAINS)) > 0) {
		link_url = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
		HOEDOWN_BUFPUTSL(link_url, "http://");
		hoedown_buffer_put(link_url, link->data, link->size);

		if (ob->size > rewind)
			ob->size -= rewind;
		else
			ob->size = 0;

		if (doc->md.normal_text) {
			link_text = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
			doc->md.normal_text(link_text, link, &doc->data, line);
			doc->md.link(ob, link_text, link_url, NULL, &doc->data, line);
			popbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
		} else {
			doc->md.link(ob, link, link_url, NULL, &doc->data, line);
		}
		popbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
	}

	popbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
	return link_len;
}

static size_t
char_autolink_email(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line)
{
	hoedown_buffer *link;
	size_t link_len, rewind;

	if (!doc->md.autolink || doc->in_link_body)
		return 0;

	link = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);

	if ((link_len = hoedown_autolink__email(&rewind, link, data, offset, size, 0)) > 0) {
		if (ob->size > rewind)
			ob->size -= rewind;
		else
			ob->size = 0;

		doc->md.autolink(ob, link, HOEDOWN_AUTOLINK_EMAIL, &doc->data, line);
	}

	popbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
	return link_len;
}

static size_t
char_autolink_url(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line)
{
	hoedown_buffer *link;
	size_t link_len, rewind;

	if (!doc->md.autolink || doc->in_link_body)
		return 0;

	link = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);

	if ((link_len = hoedown_autolink__url(&rewind, link, data, offset, size, 0)) > 0) {
		if (ob->size > rewind)
			ob->size -= rewind;
		else
			ob->size = 0;

		doc->md.autolink(ob, link, HOEDOWN_AUTOLINK_NORMAL, &doc->data, line);
	}

	popbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
	return link_len;
}

static size_t
char_image(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line) {
	size_t ret;

	if (size < 2 || data[1] != '[') return 0;

	ret = char_link(ob, doc, data + 1, offset + 1, size - 1, line);
	if (!ret) return 0;
	return ret + 1;
}

/* char_link • '[': parsing a link, a footnote or an image */
static size_t
char_link(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line)
{
	int is_img = (offset && data[-1] == '!' && !is_escaped(data - offset, offset - 1));
	int is_footnote = (doc->ext_flags & HOEDOWN_EXT_FOOTNOTES && data[1] == '^');
	size_t i = 1, txt_e, link_b = 0, link_e = 0, title_b = 0, title_e = 0;
	hoedown_buffer *content = NULL;
	hoedown_buffer *link = NULL;
	hoedown_buffer *title = NULL;
	hoedown_buffer *u_link = NULL;
	size_t org_work_size = doc->work_bufs[BUFFER_SPAN].size;
	int ret = 0, in_title = 0, qtype = 0;

	/* checking whether the correct renderer exists */
	if ((is_footnote && !doc->md.footnote_ref) || (is_img && !doc->md.image)
		|| (!is_img && !is_footnote && !doc->md.link))
		goto cleanup;

	/* looking for the matching closing bracket */
	i += find_emph_char(data + i, size - i, ']');
	txt_e = i;

	if (i < size && data[i] == ']') i++;
	else goto cleanup;

	/* footnote link */
	if (is_footnote) {
		hoedown_buffer id = { NULL, 0, 0, 0, NULL, NULL, NULL };
		struct footnote_ref *fr;

		if (txt_e < 3)
			goto cleanup;

		id.data = data + 2;
		id.size = txt_e - 2;

		fr = find_footnote_ref(&doc->footnotes_found, id.data, id.size);

		/* mark footnote used */
		if (fr && !fr->is_used) {
			if(!add_footnote_ref(&doc->footnotes_used, fr))
				goto cleanup;
			fr->is_used = 1;
			fr->num = doc->footnotes_used.count;

			/* render */
			if (doc->md.footnote_ref)
				ret = doc->md.footnote_ref(ob, fr->num, &doc->data, line);
		}

		goto cleanup;
	}

	/* skip any amount of spacing */
	/* (this is much more laxist than original markdown syntax) */
	while (i < size && _isspace(data[i]))
		i++;

	/* inline style link */
	if (i < size && data[i] == '(') {
		size_t nb_p;

		/* skipping initial spacing */
		i++;

		while (i < size && _isspace(data[i]))
			i++;

		link_b = i;

		/* looking for link end: ' " ) */
		/* Count the number of open parenthesis */
		nb_p = 0;

		while (i < size) {
			if (data[i] == '\\') i += 2;
			else if (data[i] == '(' && i != 0) {
				nb_p++;
			}
			else if (data[i] == ')') {
				if (nb_p == 0) break;
				else nb_p--;
			} else if (i >= 1 && _isspace(data[i-1]) && (data[i] == '\'' || data[i] == '"')) break;
			i++;
		}

		if (i >= size) goto cleanup;
		link_e = i;

		/* looking for title end if present */
		if (data[i] == '\'' || data[i] == '"') {
			qtype = data[i];
			in_title = 1;
			i++;
			title_b = i;

			while (i < size) {
				if (data[i] == '\\') i += 2;
				else if (data[i] == qtype) {in_title = 0; i++;}
				else if ((data[i] == ')') && !in_title) break;
				else i++;
			}

			if (i >= size) goto cleanup;

			/* skipping spacing after title */
			title_e = i - 1;
			while (title_e > title_b && _isspace(data[title_e]))
				title_e--;

			/* checking for closing quote presence */
			if (data[title_e] != '\'' &&  data[title_e] != '"') {
				title_b = title_e = 0;
				link_e = i;
			}
		}

		/* remove spacing at the end of the link */
		while (link_e > link_b && _isspace(data[link_e - 1]))
			link_e--;

		/* remove optional angle brackets around the link */
		if (data[link_b] == '<' && data[link_e - 1] == '>') {
			link_b++;
			link_e--;
		}

		/* building escaped link and title */
		if (link_e > link_b) {
			link = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
			hoedown_buffer_put(link, data + link_b, link_e - link_b);
		}

		if (title_e > title_b) {
			title = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
			hoedown_buffer_put(title, data + title_b, title_e - title_b);
		}

		i++;
	}

	/* reference style link */
	else if (i < size && data[i] == '[') {
		hoedown_buffer *id = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
		struct link_ref *lr;

		/* looking for the id */
		i++;
		link_b = i;
		while (i < size && data[i] != ']') i++;
		if (i >= size) goto cleanup;
		link_e = i;

		/* finding the link_ref */
		if (link_b == link_e)
			replace_spacing(id, data + 1, txt_e - 1);
		else
			hoedown_buffer_put(id, data + link_b, link_e - link_b);

		lr = find_link_ref(doc->refs, id->data, id->size);
		if (!lr)
			goto cleanup;

		/* keeping link and title from link_ref */
		link = lr->link;
		title = lr->title;
		i++;
	}

	/* shortcut reference style link */
	else {
		hoedown_buffer *id = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
		struct link_ref *lr;

		/* crafting the id */
		replace_spacing(id, data + 1, txt_e - 1);

		/* finding the link_ref */
		lr = find_link_ref(doc->refs, id->data, id->size);
		if (!lr)
			goto cleanup;

		/* keeping link and title from link_ref */
		link = lr->link;
		title = lr->title;

		/* rewinding the spacing */
		i = txt_e + 1;
	}

	/* building content: img alt is kept, only link content is parsed */
	if (txt_e > 1) {
		content = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
		if (is_img) {
			hoedown_buffer_put(content, data + 1, txt_e - 1);
		} else {
			/* disable autolinking when parsing inline the
			 * content of a link */
			doc->in_link_body = 1;
			parse_inline(content, doc, data + 1, txt_e - 1, line);
			doc->in_link_body = 0;
		}
	}

	if (link) {
		u_link = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
		unscape_text(u_link, link);
	}

	/* calling the relevant rendering function */
	if (is_img) {
		ret = doc->md.image(ob, u_link, title, content, &doc->data, line);
	} else {
		ret = doc->md.link(ob, content, u_link, title, &doc->data, line);
	}

	/* cleanup */
cleanup:
	doc->work_bufs[BUFFER_SPAN].size = (int)org_work_size;
	return ret ? i : 0;
}

static size_t
char_superscript(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line)
{
	size_t sup_start, sup_len;
	hoedown_buffer *sup;

	if (!doc->md.superscript)
		return 0;

	if (size < 2)
		return 0;

	if (data[1] == '(') {
		sup_start = 2;
		sup_len = find_emph_char(data + 2, size - 2, ')') + 2;

		if (sup_len == size)
			return 0;
	} else {
		sup_start = sup_len = 1;

		while (sup_len < size && !_isspace(data[sup_len]))
			sup_len++;
	}

	if (sup_len - sup_start == 0)
		return (sup_start == 2) ? 3 : 0;

	sup = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
	parse_inline(sup, doc, data + sup_start, sup_len - sup_start, line);
	doc->md.superscript(ob, sup, &doc->data, line);
	popbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);

	return (sup_start == 2) ? sup_len + 1 : sup_len;
}

static size_t
char_math(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t offset, size_t size, size_t line)
{
	/* double dollar */
	if (size > 1 && data[1] == '$')
		return parse_math(ob, doc, data, offset, size, "$$", 2, 1, line);

	/* single dollar allowed only with MATH_EXPLICIT flag */
	if (doc->ext_flags & HOEDOWN_EXT_MATH_EXPLICIT)
		return parse_math(ob, doc, data, offset, size, "$", 1, 0, line);

	return 0;
}

/*********************************
 * BLOCK-LEVEL PARSING FUNCTIONS *
 *********************************/

/* is_empty • returns the line length when it is empty, 0 otherwise */
static size_t
is_empty(const uint8_t *data, size_t size)
{
	size_t i;

	for (i = 0; i < size && data[i] != '\n'; i++)
		if (data[i] != ' ')
			return 0;

	return i + 1;
}

/* is_hrule • returns whether a line is a horizontal rule */
static int
is_hrule(uint8_t *data, size_t size)
{
	size_t i = 0, n = 0;
	uint8_t c;

	/* skipping initial spaces */
	if (size < 3) return 0;
	if (data[0] == ' ') { i++;
	if (data[1] == ' ') { i++;
	if (data[2] == ' ') { i++; } } }

	/* looking at the hrule uint8_t */
	if (i + 2 >= size
	|| (data[i] != '*' && data[i] != '-' && data[i] != '_'))
		return 0;
	c = data[i];

	/* the whole line must be the char or space */
	while (i < size && data[i] != '\n') {
		if (data[i] == c) n++;
		else if (data[i] != ' ')
			return 0;

		i++;
	}

	return n >= 3;
}

/* check if a line is a code fence; return the
 * end of the code fence. if passed, width of
 * the fence rule and character will be returned */
static size_t
is_codefence(uint8_t *data, size_t size, size_t *width, uint8_t *chr)
{
	size_t i = 0, n = 1;
	uint8_t c;

	/* skipping initial spaces */
	if (size < 3)
		return 0;

	if (data[0] == ' ') { i++;
	if (data[1] == ' ') { i++;
	if (data[2] == ' ') { i++; } } }

	/* looking at the hrule uint8_t */
	c = data[i];
	if (i + 2 >= size || !(c=='~' || c=='`'))
		return 0;

	/* the fence must be that same character */
	while (++i < size && data[i] == c)
		++n;

	if (n < 3)
		return 0;

	if (width) *width = n;
	if (chr) *chr = c;
	return i;
}

/* expects single line, checks if it's a codefence and extracts language */
static size_t
parse_codefence(uint8_t *data, size_t size, hoedown_buffer *lang, size_t *width, uint8_t *chr)
{
	size_t i, w, lang_start;

	i = w = is_codefence(data, size, width, chr);
	if (i == 0)
		return 0;

	while (i < size && _isspace(data[i]))
		i++;

	lang_start = i;

	while (i < size && !_isspace(data[i]))
		i++;

	lang->data = data + lang_start;
	lang->size = i - lang_start;

	/* Avoid parsing a codespan as a fence */
	i = lang_start + 2;
	while (i < size && !(data[i] == *chr && data[i-1] == *chr && data[i-2] == *chr)) i++;
	if (i < size) return 0;

	return w;
}

/* is_atxheader • returns whether the line is a hash-prefixed header */
static int
is_atxheader(hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t size)
{
	if (data[0] != '#')
		return 0;

	if (doc->ext_flags & HOEDOWN_EXT_SPACE_HEADERS) {
		size_t level = 0;

		while (level < size && level < 6 && data[level] == '#')
			level++;

		if (level < size && data[level] != ' ')
			return 0;
	}

	return 1;
}

/* is_headerline • returns whether the line is a setext-style hdr underline */
static int
is_headerline(uint8_t *data, size_t size)
{
	size_t i = 0;

	/* test of level 1 header */
	if (data[i] == '=') {
		for (i = 1; i < size && data[i] == '='; i++);
		while (i < size && data[i] == ' ') i++;
		return (i >= size || data[i] == '\n') ? 1 : 0; }

	/* test of level 2 header */
	if (data[i] == '-') {
		for (i = 1; i < size && data[i] == '-'; i++);
		while (i < size && data[i] == ' ') i++;
		return (i >= size || data[i] == '\n') ? 2 : 0; }

	return 0;
}

static int
is_next_headerline(uint8_t *data, size_t size)
{
	size_t i = 0;

	while (i < size && data[i] != '\n')
		i++;

	if (++i >= size)
		return 0;

	return is_headerline(data + i, size - i);
}

/* prefix_quote • returns blockquote prefix length */
static size_t
prefix_quote(uint8_t *data, size_t size)
{
	size_t i = 0;
	if (i < size && data[i] == ' ') i++;
	if (i < size && data[i] == ' ') i++;
	if (i < size && data[i] == ' ') i++;

	if (i < size && data[i] == '>') {
		if (i + 1 < size && data[i + 1] == ' ')
			return i + 2;

		return i + 1;
	}

	return 0;
}

/* prefix_code • returns prefix length for block code*/
static size_t
prefix_code(uint8_t *data, size_t size)
{
	if (size > 3 && data[0] == ' ' && data[1] == ' '
		&& data[2] == ' ' && data[3] == ' ') return 4;

	return 0;
}

/* prefix_oli • returns ordered list item prefix */
static size_t
prefix_oli(uint8_t *data, size_t size)
{
	size_t i = 0;

	if (i < size && data[i] == ' ') i++;
	if (i < size && data[i] == ' ') i++;
	if (i < size && data[i] == ' ') i++;

	if (i >= size || data[i] < '0' || data[i] > '9')
		return 0;

	while (i < size && data[i] >= '0' && data[i] <= '9')
		i++;

	if (i + 1 >= size || data[i] != '.' || data[i + 1] != ' ')
		return 0;

	if (is_next_headerline(data + i, size - i))
		return 0;

	return i + 2;
}

/* prefix_uli • returns ordered list item prefix */
static size_t
prefix_uli(uint8_t *data, size_t size)
{
	size_t i = 0;

	if (i < size && data[i] == ' ') i++;
	if (i < size && data[i] == ' ') i++;
	if (i < size && data[i] == ' ') i++;

	if (i + 1 >= size ||
		(data[i] != '*' && data[i] != '+' && data[i] != '-') ||
		data[i + 1] != ' ')
		return 0;

	if (is_next_headerline(data + i, size - i))
		return 0;

	return i + 2;
}


/* parse_block • parsing of one block, returning next uint8_t to parse */
static void parse_block(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc,
			uint8_t *data, size_t size, size_t *line);


/* parse_blockquote • handles parsing of a blockquote fragment */
static size_t
parse_blockquote(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t size, size_t *line)
{
	size_t beg, end = 0, pre, work_size = 0;
	uint8_t *work_data = 0;
	hoedown_buffer *out = 0;
	size_t lines_to_add = *line;
	size_t start_line = *line;

	out = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_BLOCK);
	beg = 0;
	while (beg < size) {
		for (end = beg + 1; end < size && data[end - 1] != '\n'; end++);

		lines_to_add += data[end - 1] == '\n';

		pre = prefix_quote(data + beg, end - beg);

		if (pre)
			beg += pre; /* skipping prefix */

		/* empty line followed by non-quote line */
		else if (is_empty(data + beg, end - beg) &&
				(end >= size || (prefix_quote(data + end, size - end) == 0 &&
				!is_empty(data + end, size - end))))
			break;

		if (beg < end) { /* copy into the in-place working buffer */
			/* hoedown_buffer_put(work, data + beg, end - beg); */
			if (!work_data)
				work_data = data + beg;
			else if (data + beg != work_data + work_size)
				memmove(work_data + work_size, data + beg, end - beg);
			work_size += end - beg;
		}
		beg = end;
	}

	*line = lines_to_add;
	parse_block(out, doc, work_data, work_size, &lines_to_add);
	if (doc->md.blockquote)
		doc->md.blockquote(ob, out, &doc->data, start_line);
	popbuf(doc, BUFFER_BLOCK);
	return end;
}

static size_t
parse_htmlblock(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t size, int do_render, size_t *line);

/* parse_blockquote • handles parsing of a regular paragraph */
static size_t
parse_paragraph(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t size, size_t *line)
{
	hoedown_buffer work = { NULL, 0, 0, 0, NULL, NULL, NULL };
	size_t i = 0, end = 0;
	int level = 0;

	work.data = data;

	while (i < size) {
		for (end = i + 1; end < size && data[end - 1] != '\n'; end++) /* empty */;

		if (is_empty(data + i, size - i))
			break;

		if ((level = is_headerline(data + i, size - i)) != 0)
			break;

		if (is_atxheader(doc, data + i, size - i) ||
			is_hrule(data + i, size - i) ||
			prefix_quote(data + i, size - i)) {
			end = i;
			break;
		}

		i = end;
	}

	work.size = i;
	while (work.size && data[work.size - 1] == '\n')
		work.size--;

	if (!level) {
		hoedown_buffer *tmp = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_BLOCK);
		parse_inline(tmp, doc, work.data, work.size, *line);
		if (doc->md.paragraph)
			doc->md.paragraph(ob, tmp, &doc->data, *line);
		popbuf(doc, BUFFER_BLOCK);
	} else {
		hoedown_buffer *header_work;

		if (work.size) {
			size_t beg;
			i = work.size;
			work.size -= 1;

			while (work.size && data[work.size] != '\n')
				work.size -= 1;

			beg = work.size + 1;
			while (work.size && data[work.size - 1] == '\n')
				work.size -= 1;

			if (work.size > 0) {
				hoedown_buffer *tmp = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_BLOCK);
				parse_inline(tmp, doc, work.data, work.size, *line);

				if (doc->md.paragraph)
					doc->md.paragraph(ob, tmp, &doc->data, *line);

				popbuf(doc, BUFFER_BLOCK);
				work.data += beg;
				work.size = i - beg;
			}
			else work.size = i;
		}

		header_work = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
		parse_inline(header_work, doc, work.data, work.size, *line);

		if (doc->md.header)
			doc->md.header(ob, header_work, (int)level, &doc->data, *line);

		popbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
	}

	for (i = 0; i < end; ++i)
		*line += data[i] == '\n';
	return end;
}

/* parse_fencedcode • handles parsing of a block-level code fragment */
static size_t
parse_fencedcode(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t size, size_t *line)
{
	hoedown_buffer text = { 0, 0, 0, 0, NULL, NULL, NULL };
	hoedown_buffer lang = { 0, 0, 0, 0, NULL, NULL, NULL };
	size_t i = 0, text_start, line_start;
	size_t w, w2;
	size_t width, width2;
	uint8_t chr, chr2;
	size_t lines_to_add = 0;

	/* parse codefence line */
	while (i < size && data[i] != '\n')
		i++;
	lines_to_add += data[i] == '\n';

	w = parse_codefence(data, i, &lang, &width, &chr);
	if (!w)
		return 0;

	/* search for end */
	i++;
	text_start = i;
	while ((line_start = i) < size) {
		while (i < size && data[i] != '\n')
			i++;
		lines_to_add += data[i] == '\n';

		w2 = is_codefence(data + line_start, i - line_start, &width2, &chr2);
		if (w == w2 && width == width2 && chr == chr2 &&
		    is_empty(data + (line_start+w), i - (line_start+w)))
			break;

		i++;
	}

	text.data = data + text_start;
	text.size = line_start - text_start;

	if (doc->md.blockcode)
		doc->md.blockcode(ob, text.size ? &text : NULL, lang.size ? &lang : NULL, &doc->data, *line);

	*line += lines_to_add;
	return i;
}

static size_t
parse_blockcode(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t size, size_t *line)
{
	size_t beg, end, pre, lines_to_add = *line;
	hoedown_buffer *work = 0;

	work = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_BLOCK);

	beg = 0;
	while (beg < size) {
		for (end = beg + 1; end < size && data[end - 1] != '\n'; end++) {};
		pre = prefix_code(data + beg, end - beg);

		if (pre)
			beg += pre; /* skipping prefix */
		else if (!is_empty(data + beg, end - beg))
			/* non-empty non-prefixed line breaks the pre */
			break;
		lines_to_add += data[end - 1] == '\n';

		if (beg < end) {
			/* verbatim copy to the working buffer,
				escaping entities */
			if (is_empty(data + beg, end - beg))
				hoedown_buffer_putc(work, '\n');
			else hoedown_buffer_put(work, data + beg, end - beg);
		}
		beg = end;
	}

	while (work->size && work->data[work->size - 1] == '\n')
		work->size -= 1;

	hoedown_buffer_putc(work, '\n');

	if (doc->md.blockcode)
		doc->md.blockcode(ob, work, NULL, &doc->data, *line);

	*line = lines_to_add;
	popbuf(doc, BUFFER_BLOCK);
	return beg;
}

/* parse_listitem • parsing of a single list item */
/*	assuming initial prefix is already removed */
static size_t
parse_listitem(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t size, hoedown_list_flags *flags, size_t *line)
{
	hoedown_buffer *work = 0, *inter = 0;
	size_t beg = 0, end, pre, sublist = 0, orgpre = 0, i;
	int in_empty = 0, has_inside_empty = 0, in_fence = 0;
	size_t lines_to_add = *line;

	/* keeping track of the first indentation prefix */
	while (orgpre < 3 && orgpre < size && data[orgpre] == ' ')
		orgpre++;

	beg = prefix_uli(data, size);
	if (!beg)
		beg = prefix_oli(data, size);

	if (!beg)
		return 0;

	/* skipping to the beginning of the following line */
	end = beg;
	while (end < size && data[end - 1] != '\n')
		end++;

	/* getting working buffers */
	work = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
	inter = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);

	/* putting the first line into the working buffer */
	hoedown_buffer_put(work, data + beg, end - beg);
	beg = end;

	/* process the following lines */
	while (beg < size) {
		size_t has_next_uli = 0, has_next_oli = 0;

		end++;

		while (end < size && data[end - 1] != '\n')
			end++;
		lines_to_add += data[end - 1] == '\n';

		/* process an empty line */
		if (is_empty(data + beg, end - beg)) {
			in_empty = 1;
			beg = end;
			continue;
		}

		/* calculating the indentation */
		i = 0;
		while (i < 4 && beg + i < end && data[beg + i] == ' ')
			i++;

		pre = i;

		if (doc->ext_flags & HOEDOWN_EXT_FENCED_CODE) {
			if (is_codefence(data + beg + i, end - beg - i, NULL, NULL))
				in_fence = !in_fence;
		}

		/* Only check for new list items if we are **not** inside
		 * a fenced code block */
		if (!in_fence) {
			has_next_uli = prefix_uli(data + beg + i, end - beg - i);
			has_next_oli = prefix_oli(data + beg + i, end - beg - i);
		}

		/* checking for a new item */
		if ((has_next_uli && !is_hrule(data + beg + i, end - beg - i)) || has_next_oli) {
			if (in_empty)
				has_inside_empty = 1;

			/* the following item must have the same (or less) indentation */
			if (pre <= orgpre) {
				/* if the following item has different list type, we end this list */
				if (in_empty && (
					((*flags & HOEDOWN_LIST_ORDERED) && has_next_uli) ||
					(!(*flags & HOEDOWN_LIST_ORDERED) && has_next_oli)))
					*flags |= HOEDOWN_LI_END;

				break;
			}

			if (!sublist)
				sublist = work->size;
		}
		/* joining only indented stuff after empty lines;
		 * note that now we only require 1 space of indentation
		 * to continue a list */
		else if (in_empty && pre == 0) {
			*flags |= HOEDOWN_LI_END;
			break;
		}

		if (in_empty) {
			hoedown_buffer_putc(work, '\n');
			has_inside_empty = 1;
			in_empty = 0;
		}

		/* adding the line without prefix into the working buffer */
		hoedown_buffer_put(work, data + beg + i, end - beg - i);
		beg = end;
	}

	/* render of li contents */
	if (has_inside_empty)
		*flags |= HOEDOWN_LI_BLOCK;

	if (*flags & HOEDOWN_LI_BLOCK) {
		size_t tmp_line = *line;
		/* intermediate render of block li */
		if (sublist && sublist < work->size) {
			parse_block(inter, doc, work->data, sublist, &tmp_line);
			parse_block(inter, doc, work->data + sublist, work->size - sublist, &tmp_line);
		}
		else
			parse_block(inter, doc, work->data, work->size, &tmp_line);
	} else {
		/* intermediate render of inline li */
		if (sublist && sublist < work->size) {
			size_t tmp_line = *line;
			parse_inline(inter, doc, work->data, sublist, *line);
			parse_block(inter, doc, work->data + sublist, work->size - sublist, &tmp_line);
		}
		else
			parse_inline(inter, doc, work->data, work->size, *line);
	}

	/* render of li itself */
	if (doc->md.listitem)
		doc->md.listitem(ob, inter, *flags, &doc->data, *line);

	*line = lines_to_add;
	popbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
	popbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
	return beg;
}


/* parse_list • parsing ordered or unordered list block */
static size_t
parse_list(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t size, hoedown_list_flags flags, size_t *line)
{
	hoedown_buffer *work = 0;
	size_t i = 0, j;
	size_t new_lines = *line;

	work = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_BLOCK);

	while (i < size) {
		j = parse_listitem(work, doc, data + i, size - i, &flags, &new_lines);
		i += j;
		if (!j || (flags & HOEDOWN_LI_END))
			break;
	}

	if (doc->md.list)
		doc->md.list(ob, work, flags, &doc->data, *line);
	*line = new_lines;
	popbuf(doc, BUFFER_BLOCK);
	return i;
}

/* parse_atxheader • parsing of atx-style headers */
static size_t
parse_atxheader(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t size, size_t *line)
{
	size_t level = 0;
	size_t i, end, skip;

	while (level < size && level < 6 && data[level] == '#')
		level++;

	for (i = level; i < size && data[i] == ' '; i++);

	for (end = i; end < size && data[end] != '\n'; end++);
	skip = end;

	while (end && data[end - 1] == '#')
		end--;

	while (end && data[end - 1] == ' ')
		end--;

	if (end > i) {
		hoedown_buffer *work = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);

		parse_inline(work, doc, data + i, end - i, *line);

		if (doc->md.header)
			doc->md.header(ob, work, (int)level, &doc->data, *line);

		popbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
	}

	return skip;
}

/* parse_footnote_def • parse a single footnote definition */
static void
parse_footnote_def(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, unsigned int num, uint8_t *data, size_t size, size_t *line)
{
	hoedown_buffer *work = 0;
	size_t save_line = *line;
	work = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);

	parse_block(work, doc, data, size, &save_line);

	if (doc->md.footnote_def)
	doc->md.footnote_def(ob, work, num, &doc->data, *line);
	*line = save_line;
	popbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
}

/* parse_footnote_list • render the contents of the footnotes */
static void
parse_footnote_list(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, struct footnote_list *footnotes, size_t *line)
{
	hoedown_buffer *work = 0;
	struct footnote_item *item;
	struct footnote_ref *ref;
	size_t save_line = *line;

	if (footnotes->count == 0)
		return;

	work = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_BLOCK);

	item = footnotes->head;
	while (item) {
		ref = item->ref;
		parse_footnote_def(work, doc, ref->num, ref->contents->data, ref->contents->size, &save_line);
		item = item->next;
	}

	if (doc->md.footnotes)
		doc->md.footnotes(ob, work, &doc->data, *line);
	*line = save_line;
	popbuf(doc, BUFFER_BLOCK);
}

/* htmlblock_is_end • check for end of HTML block : </tag>( *)\n */
/*	returns tag length on match, 0 otherwise */
/*	assumes data starts with "<" */
static size_t
htmlblock_is_end(
	const char *tag,
	size_t tag_len,
	hoedown_document *doc,
	uint8_t *data,
	size_t size)
{
	size_t i = tag_len + 3, w;

	/* try to match the end tag */
	/* note: we're not considering tags like "</tag >" which are still valid */
	if (i > size ||
		data[1] != '/' ||
		strncasecmp((char *)data + 2, tag, tag_len) != 0 ||
		data[tag_len + 2] != '>')
		return 0;

	/* rest of the line must be empty */
	if ((w = is_empty(data + i, size - i)) == 0 && i < size)
		return 0;

	return i + w;
}

/* htmlblock_find_end • try to find HTML block ending tag */
/*	returns the length on match, 0 otherwise */
static size_t
htmlblock_find_end(
	const char *tag,
	size_t tag_len,
	hoedown_document *doc,
	uint8_t *data,
	size_t size,
	size_t *line)
{
	size_t i = 0, w;
	size_t original_line = *line;

	while (1) {
		while (i < size && data[i] != '<') *line += data[i++] == '\n';
		if (i >= size) {
			*line = original_line;
			return 0;
		}

		w = htmlblock_is_end(tag, tag_len, doc, data + i, size - i);
		if (w) return i + w;
		i++;
	}
}

/* htmlblock_find_end_strict • try to find end of HTML block in strict mode */
/*	(it must be an unindented line, and have a blank line afterwads) */
/*	returns the length on match, 0 otherwise */
static size_t
htmlblock_find_end_strict(
	const char *tag,
	size_t tag_len,
	hoedown_document *doc,
	uint8_t *data,
	size_t size,
	size_t *line)
{
	size_t i = 0, mark;

	while (1) {
		mark = i;
		while (i < size && data[i] != '\n') i++;
		if (i < size) { i++; *line += 1; }
		if (i == mark) return 0;

		if (data[mark] == ' ' && mark > 0) continue;
		mark += htmlblock_find_end(tag, tag_len, doc, data + mark, i - mark, line);
		if (mark == i && (is_empty(data + i, size - i) || i >= size)) break;
	}

	return i;
}

/* parse_htmlblock • parsing of inline HTML block */
static size_t
parse_htmlblock(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t size, int do_render, size_t *line)
{
	hoedown_buffer work = { NULL, 0, 0, 0, NULL, NULL, NULL };
	size_t i, j = 0, tag_len, tag_end;
	const char *curtag = NULL;
	size_t tmp_line = *line;

	work.data = data;

	/* identification of the opening tag */
	if (size < 2 || data[0] != '<')
		return 0;

	i = 1;
	while (i < size && data[i] != '>' && data[i] != ' ')
		tmp_line += data[i++] == '\n';

	if (i < size)
		curtag = hoedown_find_block_tag((char *)data + 1, (int)i - 1);

	/* handling of special cases */
	if (!curtag) {

		/* HTML comment, laxist form */
		if (size > 5 && data[1] == '!' && data[2] == '-' && data[3] == '-') {
			i = 5;

			while (i < size && !(data[i - 2] == '-' && data[i - 1] == '-' && data[i] == '>'))
				i++;

			i++;

			if (i < size)
				j = is_empty(data + i, size - i);

			if (j) {
				work.size = i + j;
				if (do_render && doc->md.blockhtml)
					doc->md.blockhtml(ob, &work, &doc->data, *line);
				return work.size;
			}
		}

		/* HR, which is the only self-closing block tag considered */
		if (size > 4 && (data[1] == 'h' || data[1] == 'H') && (data[2] == 'r' || data[2] == 'R')) {
			i = 3;
			while (i < size && data[i] != '>')
				tmp_line += data[i++] == '\n';

			if (i + 1 < size) {
				i++;
				j = is_empty(data + i, size - i);
				if (j) {
					work.size = i + j;
					if (do_render && doc->md.blockhtml)
						doc->md.blockhtml(ob, &work, &doc->data, *line);
					return work.size;
				}
			}
		}

		/* no special case recognised */
		return 0;
	}

	/* looking for a matching closing tag in strict mode */
	tag_len = strlen(curtag);
	tag_end = htmlblock_find_end_strict(curtag, tag_len, doc, data, size, &tmp_line);

	/* if not found, trying a second pass looking for indented match */
	/* but not if tag is "ins" or "del" (following original Markdown.pl) */
	if (!tag_end && strcmp(curtag, "ins") != 0 && strcmp(curtag, "del") != 0) {
		tag_end = htmlblock_find_end(curtag, tag_len, doc, data, size, &tmp_line);
	}

	if (!tag_end)
		return 0;

	/* the end of the block has been found */
	work.size = tag_end;
	if (do_render && doc->md.blockhtml)
		doc->md.blockhtml(ob, &work, &doc->data, *line);
	*line = tmp_line;

	return tag_end;
}

static void
parse_table_row(
	hoedown_buffer *ob,
	hoedown_document *doc,
	uint8_t *data,
	size_t size,
	size_t line,
	size_t columns,
	hoedown_table_flags *col_data,
	hoedown_table_flags header_flag)
{
	size_t i = 0, col, len;
	hoedown_buffer *row_work = 0;

	if (!doc->md.table_cell || !doc->md.table_row)
		return;

	row_work = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);

	if (i < size && data[i] == '|')
		i++;

	for (col = 0; col < columns && i < size; ++col) {
		size_t cell_start, cell_end;
		hoedown_buffer *cell_work;

		cell_work = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);

		while (i < size && _isspace(data[i]))
			i++;

		cell_start = i;

		len = find_emph_char(data + i, size - i, '|');

		/* Two possibilities for len == 0:
		   1) No more pipe char found in the current line.
		   2) The next pipe is right after the current one, i.e. empty cell.
		   For case 1, we skip to the end of line; for case 2 we just continue.
		*/
		if (len == 0 && i < size && data[i] != '|')
			len = size - i;
		i += len;

		cell_end = i - 1;

		while (cell_end > cell_start && _isspace(data[cell_end]))
			cell_end--;

		parse_inline(cell_work, doc, data + cell_start, 1 + cell_end - cell_start, line);
		doc->md.table_cell(row_work, cell_work, col_data[col] | header_flag, &doc->data, line);

		popbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
		i++;
	}

	for (; col < columns; ++col) {
		hoedown_buffer empty_cell = { 0, 0, 0, 0, NULL, NULL, NULL };
		doc->md.table_cell(row_work, &empty_cell, col_data[col] | header_flag, &doc->data, line);
	}

	doc->md.table_row(ob, row_work, &doc->data, line);

	popbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
}

static size_t
parse_table_header(
	hoedown_buffer *ob,
	hoedown_document *doc,
	uint8_t *data,
	size_t size,
	size_t *line,
	size_t *columns,
	hoedown_table_flags **column_data)
{
	int pipes;
	size_t i = 0, col, header_end, under_end;

	pipes = 0;
	while (i < size && data[i] != '\n')
		if (data[i++] == '|')
			pipes++;

	if (i == size || pipes == 0)
		return 0;

	header_end = i;

	while (header_end > 0 && _isspace(data[header_end - 1]))
		header_end--;

	if (data[0] == '|')
		pipes--;

	if (header_end && data[header_end - 1] == '|')
		pipes--;

	if (pipes < 0)
		return 0;

	*columns = pipes + 1;
	*column_data = hoedown_calloc(*columns, sizeof(hoedown_table_flags));

	/* Parse the header underline */
	i++;
	if (i < size && data[i] == '|')
		i++;

	under_end = i;
	while (under_end < size && data[under_end] != '\n')
		under_end++;

	for (col = 0; col < *columns && i < under_end; ++col) {
		size_t dashes = 0;

		while (i < under_end && data[i] == ' ')
			i++;

		if (data[i] == ':') {
			i++; (*column_data)[col] |= HOEDOWN_TABLE_ALIGN_LEFT;
			dashes++;
		}

		while (i < under_end && data[i] == '-') {
			i++; dashes++;
		}

		if (i < under_end && data[i] == ':') {
			i++; (*column_data)[col] |= HOEDOWN_TABLE_ALIGN_RIGHT;
			dashes++;
		}

		while (i < under_end && data[i] == ' ')
			i++;

		if (i < under_end && data[i] != '|' && data[i] != '+')
			break;

		if (dashes < 3)
			break;

		i++;
	}

	if (col < *columns)
		return 0;

	parse_table_row(
		ob, doc, data,
		header_end,
		*line,
		*columns,
		*column_data,
		HOEDOWN_TABLE_HEADER
	);

	return under_end + 1;
}

static size_t
parse_table(
	hoedown_buffer *ob,
	hoedown_document *doc,
	uint8_t *data,
	size_t size,
	size_t *line)
{
	size_t i;

	hoedown_buffer *work = 0;
	hoedown_buffer *header_work = 0;
	hoedown_buffer *body_work = 0;

	size_t columns;
	hoedown_table_flags *col_data = NULL;
	size_t lines_to_add = 0;

	work = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_BLOCK);
	header_work = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
	body_work = newbuf(doc, BUFFER_BLOCK);


	i = parse_table_header(header_work, doc, data, size, line, &columns, &col_data);
	if (i > 0) {

		while (i < size) {
			size_t row_start;
			int pipes = 0;

			row_start = i;

			while (i < size && data[i] != '\n')
				if (data[i++] == '|')
					pipes++;

			if (pipes == 0 || i == size) {
				i = row_start;
				break;
			}

			parse_table_row(
				body_work,
				doc,
				data + row_start,
				i - row_start,
				*line + lines_to_add,
				columns,
				col_data, 0
			);

			i++;
			lines_to_add += 1;
		}

		if (doc->md.table_header)
			doc->md.table_header(work, header_work, &doc->data, *line);

		if (doc->md.table_body)
			doc->md.table_body(work, body_work, &doc->data, *line);

		if (doc->md.table)
			doc->md.table(ob, work, &doc->data, *line);
	}

	*line += lines_to_add;

	free(col_data);
	popbuf(doc, BUFFER_SPAN);
	popbuf(doc, BUFFER_BLOCK);
	popbuf(doc, BUFFER_BLOCK);
	return i;
}

/* parse_block • parsing of one block, returning next uint8_t to parse */
static void
parse_block(hoedown_buffer *ob, hoedown_document *doc, uint8_t *data, size_t size, size_t *line)
{
	size_t beg, end, i;
	uint8_t *txt_data;
	beg = 0;

	if (doc->work_bufs[BUFFER_SPAN].size +
		doc->work_bufs[BUFFER_BLOCK].size > doc->max_nesting)
		return;

	while (beg < size) {
		txt_data = data + beg;
		end = size - beg;

		if (is_atxheader(doc, txt_data, end)) {
			beg += parse_atxheader(ob, doc, txt_data, end, line);
		}

		else if (data[beg] == '<' && doc->md.blockhtml &&
				(i = parse_htmlblock(ob, doc, txt_data, end, 1, line)) != 0) {
			beg += i;
		}

		else if ((i = is_empty(txt_data, end)) != 0) {
			while (i-- > 0) {
				*line += data[beg++] == '\n';
			}
		}

		else if (is_hrule(txt_data, end)) {
			if (doc->md.hrule)
				doc->md.hrule(ob, &doc->data, beg);

			while (beg < size && data[beg] != '\n')
				beg++;
			*line += 1;
			beg++;
		}

		else if ((doc->ext_flags & HOEDOWN_EXT_FENCED_CODE) != 0 &&
			(i = parse_fencedcode(ob, doc, txt_data, end, line)) != 0) {
			beg += i;
		}

		else if ((doc->ext_flags & HOEDOWN_EXT_TABLES) != 0 &&
			(i = parse_table(ob, doc, txt_data, end, line)) != 0) {
			beg += i;
		}

		else if (prefix_quote(txt_data, end)) {
			beg += parse_blockquote(ob, doc, txt_data, end, line);
		}

		else if (!(doc->ext_flags & HOEDOWN_EXT_DISABLE_INDENTED_CODE) && prefix_code(txt_data, end)) {
			beg += parse_blockcode(ob, doc, txt_data, end, line);
		}

		else if (prefix_uli(txt_data, end)) {
			beg += parse_list(ob, doc, txt_data, end, 0, line);
		}

		else if (prefix_oli(txt_data, end)) {
			beg += parse_list(ob, doc, txt_data, end, HOEDOWN_LIST_ORDERED, line);
		}

		else {
			beg += parse_paragraph(ob, doc, txt_data, end, line);
		}
	}
}



/*********************
 * REFERENCE PARSING *
 *********************/

/* is_footnote • returns whether a line is a footnote definition or not */
static int
is_footnote(const uint8_t *data, size_t beg, size_t end, size_t *last, struct footnote_list *list)
{
	size_t i = 0;
	hoedown_buffer *contents = 0;
	size_t ind = 0;
	int in_empty = 0;
	size_t start = 0;

	size_t id_offset, id_end;

	/* up to 3 optional leading spaces */
	if (beg + 3 >= end) return 0;
	if (data[beg] == ' ') { i = 1;
	if (data[beg + 1] == ' ') { i = 2;
	if (data[beg + 2] == ' ') { i = 3;
	if (data[beg + 3] == ' ') return 0; } } }
	i += beg;

	/* id part: caret followed by anything between brackets */
	if (data[i] != '[') return 0;
	i++;
	if (i >= end || data[i] != '^') return 0;
	i++;
	id_offset = i;
	while (i < end && data[i] != '\n' && data[i] != '\r' && data[i] != ']')
		i++;
	if (i >= end || data[i] != ']') return 0;
	id_end = i;

	/* spacer: colon (space | tab)* newline? (space | tab)* */
	i++;
	if (i >= end || data[i] != ':') return 0;
	i++;

	/* getting content buffer */
	contents = hoedown_buffer_new(64);

	start = i;

	/* process lines similar to a list item */
	while (i < end) {
		while (i < end && data[i] != '\n' && data[i] != '\r') i++;

		/* process an empty line */
		if (is_empty(data + start, i - start)) {
			in_empty = 1;
			if (i < end && (data[i] == '\n' || data[i] == '\r')) {
				i++;
				if (i < end && data[i] == '\n' && data[i - 1] == '\r') i++;
			}
			start = i;
			continue;
		}

		/* calculating the indentation */
		ind = 0;
		while (ind < 4 && start + ind < end && data[start + ind] == ' ')
			ind++;

		/* joining only indented stuff after empty lines;
		 * note that now we only require 1 space of indentation
		 * to continue, just like lists */
		if (ind == 0) {
			if (start == id_end + 2 && data[start] == '\t') {}
			else break;
		}
		else if (in_empty) {
			hoedown_buffer_putc(contents, '\n');
		}

		in_empty = 0;

		/* adding the line into the content buffer */
		hoedown_buffer_put(contents, data + start + ind, i - start - ind);
		/* add carriage return */
		if (i < end) {
			hoedown_buffer_putc(contents, '\n');
			if (i < end && (data[i] == '\n' || data[i] == '\r')) {
				i++;
				if (i < end && data[i] == '\n' && data[i - 1] == '\r') i++;
			}
		}
		start = i;
	}

	if (last)
		*last = start;

	if (list) {
		struct footnote_ref *ref;
		ref = create_footnote_ref(list, data + id_offset, id_end - id_offset);
		if (!ref)
			return 0;
		if (!add_footnote_ref(list, ref)) {
			free_footnote_ref(ref);
			return 0;
		}
		ref->contents = contents;
	}

	return 1;
}

/* is_ref • returns whether a line is a reference or not */
static int
is_ref(const uint8_t *data, size_t beg, size_t end, size_t *last, struct link_ref **refs)
{
/*	int n; */
	size_t i = 0;
	size_t id_offset, id_end;
	size_t link_offset, link_end;
	size_t title_offset, title_end;
	size_t line_end;

	/* up to 3 optional leading spaces */
	if (beg + 3 >= end) return 0;
	if (data[beg] == ' ') { i = 1;
	if (data[beg + 1] == ' ') { i = 2;
	if (data[beg + 2] == ' ') { i = 3;
	if (data[beg + 3] == ' ') return 0; } } }
	i += beg;

	/* id part: anything but a newline between brackets */
	if (data[i] != '[') return 0;
	i++;
	id_offset = i;
	while (i < end && data[i] != '\n' && data[i] != '\r' && data[i] != ']')
		i++;
	if (i >= end || data[i] != ']') return 0;
	id_end = i;

	/* spacer: colon (space | tab)* newline? (space | tab)* */
	i++;
	if (i >= end || data[i] != ':') return 0;
	i++;
	while (i < end && data[i] == ' ') i++;
	if (i < end && (data[i] == '\n' || data[i] == '\r')) {
		i++;
		if (i < end && data[i] == '\r' && data[i - 1] == '\n') i++; }
	while (i < end && data[i] == ' ') i++;
	if (i >= end) return 0;

	/* link: spacing-free sequence, optionally between angle brackets */
	if (data[i] == '<')
		i++;

	link_offset = i;

	while (i < end && data[i] != ' ' && data[i] != '\n' && data[i] != '\r')
		i++;

	if (data[i - 1] == '>') link_end = i - 1;
	else link_end = i;

	/* optional spacer: (space | tab)* (newline | '\'' | '"' | '(' ) */
	while (i < end && data[i] == ' ') i++;
	if (i < end && data[i] != '\n' && data[i] != '\r'
			&& data[i] != '\'' && data[i] != '"' && data[i] != '(')
		return 0;
	line_end = 0;
	/* computing end-of-line */
	if (i >= end || data[i] == '\r' || data[i] == '\n') line_end = i;
	if (i + 1 < end && data[i] == '\n' && data[i + 1] == '\r')
		line_end = i + 1;

	/* optional (space|tab)* spacer after a newline */
	if (line_end) {
		i = line_end + 1;
		while (i < end && data[i] == ' ') i++; }

	/* optional title: any non-newline sequence enclosed in '"()
					alone on its line */
	title_offset = title_end = 0;
	if (i + 1 < end
	&& (data[i] == '\'' || data[i] == '"' || data[i] == '(')) {
		i++;
		title_offset = i;
		/* looking for EOL */
		while (i < end && data[i] != '\n' && data[i] != '\r') i++;
		if (i + 1 < end && data[i] == '\n' && data[i + 1] == '\r')
			title_end = i + 1;
		else	title_end = i;
		/* stepping back */
		i -= 1;
		while (i > title_offset && data[i] == ' ')
			i -= 1;
		if (i > title_offset
		&& (data[i] == '\'' || data[i] == '"' || data[i] == ')')) {
			line_end = title_end;
			title_end = i; } }

	if (!line_end || link_end == link_offset)
		return 0; /* garbage after the link empty link */

	/* a valid ref has been found, filling-in return structures */
	if (last)
		*last = line_end;

	if (refs) {
		struct link_ref *ref;

		ref = add_link_ref(refs, data + id_offset, id_end - id_offset);
		if (!ref)
			return 0;

		ref->link = hoedown_buffer_new(link_end - link_offset);
		hoedown_buffer_put(ref->link, data + link_offset, link_end - link_offset);

		if (title_end > title_offset) {
			ref->title = hoedown_buffer_new(title_end - title_offset);
			hoedown_buffer_put(ref->title, data + title_offset, title_end - title_offset);
		}
	}

	return 1;
}

static void expand_tabs(hoedown_buffer *ob, const uint8_t *line, size_t size)
{
	/* This code makes two assumptions:
	 * - Input is valid UTF-8.  (Any byte with top two bits 10 is skipped,
	 *   whether or not it is a valid UTF-8 continuation byte.)
	 * - Input contains no combining characters.  (Combining characters
	 *   should be skipped but are not.)
	 */
	size_t  i = 0, tab = 0;

	while (i < size) {
		size_t org = i;

		while (i < size && line[i] != '\t') {
			/* ignore UTF-8 continuation bytes */
			if ((line[i] & 0xc0) != 0x80)
				tab++;
			i++;
		}

		if (i > org)
			hoedown_buffer_put(ob, line + org, i - org);

		if (i >= size)
			break;

		do {
			hoedown_buffer_putc(ob, ' '); tab++;
		} while (tab % 4);

		i++;
	}
}

/**********************
 * EXPORTED FUNCTIONS *
 **********************/

hoedown_document *
hoedown_document_new(
	const hoedown_renderer *renderer,
	hoedown_extensions extensions,
	size_t max_nesting)
{
	hoedown_document *doc = NULL;

	assert(max_nesting > 0 && renderer);

	doc = hoedown_malloc(sizeof(hoedown_document));
	memcpy(&doc->md, renderer, sizeof(hoedown_renderer));

	doc->data.opaque = renderer->opaque;

	hoedown_stack_init(&doc->work_bufs[BUFFER_BLOCK], 4);
	hoedown_stack_init(&doc->work_bufs[BUFFER_SPAN], 8);

	memset(doc->active_char, 0x0, 256);

	if (extensions & HOEDOWN_EXT_UNDERLINE && doc->md.underline) {
		doc->active_char['_'] = MD_CHAR_EMPHASIS;
	}

	if (doc->md.emphasis || doc->md.double_emphasis || doc->md.triple_emphasis) {
		doc->active_char['*'] = MD_CHAR_EMPHASIS;
		doc->active_char['_'] = MD_CHAR_EMPHASIS;
		if (extensions & HOEDOWN_EXT_STRIKETHROUGH)
			doc->active_char['~'] = MD_CHAR_EMPHASIS;
		if (extensions & HOEDOWN_EXT_HIGHLIGHT)
			doc->active_char['='] = MD_CHAR_EMPHASIS;
	}

	if (doc->md.codespan)
		doc->active_char['`'] = MD_CHAR_CODESPAN;

	if (doc->md.linebreak)
		doc->active_char['\n'] = MD_CHAR_LINEBREAK;

	if (doc->md.image || doc->md.link || doc->md.footnotes || doc->md.footnote_ref) {
		doc->active_char['['] = MD_CHAR_LINK;
		doc->active_char['!'] = MD_CHAR_IMAGE;
	}

	doc->active_char['<'] = MD_CHAR_LANGLE;
	doc->active_char['\\'] = MD_CHAR_ESCAPE;
	doc->active_char['&'] = MD_CHAR_ENTITY;

	if (extensions & HOEDOWN_EXT_AUTOLINK) {
		doc->active_char[':'] = MD_CHAR_AUTOLINK_URL;
		doc->active_char['@'] = MD_CHAR_AUTOLINK_EMAIL;
		doc->active_char['w'] = MD_CHAR_AUTOLINK_WWW;
	}

	if (extensions & HOEDOWN_EXT_SUPERSCRIPT)
		doc->active_char['^'] = MD_CHAR_SUPERSCRIPT;

	if (extensions & HOEDOWN_EXT_QUOTE)
		doc->active_char['"'] = MD_CHAR_QUOTE;

	if (extensions & HOEDOWN_EXT_MATH)
		doc->active_char['$'] = MD_CHAR_MATH;

	/* Extension data */
	doc->ext_flags = extensions;
	doc->max_nesting = max_nesting;
	doc->in_link_body = 0;

	return doc;
}

void
hoedown_document_render(hoedown_document *doc, hoedown_buffer *ob, const uint8_t *data, size_t size)
{
	static const uint8_t UTF8_BOM[] = {0xEF, 0xBB, 0xBF};

	hoedown_buffer *text;
	size_t beg, end;
	size_t line = 1;

	int footnotes_enabled;

	text = hoedown_buffer_new(64);

	/* Preallocate enough space for our buffer to avoid expanding while copying */
	hoedown_buffer_grow(text, size);

	/* reset the references table */
	memset(&doc->refs, 0x0, REF_TABLE_SIZE * sizeof(void *));

	footnotes_enabled = doc->ext_flags & HOEDOWN_EXT_FOOTNOTES;

	/* reset the footnotes lists */
	if (footnotes_enabled) {
		memset(&doc->footnotes_found, 0x0, sizeof(doc->footnotes_found));
		memset(&doc->footnotes_used, 0x0, sizeof(doc->footnotes_used));
	}

	/* first pass: looking for references, copying everything else */
	beg = 0;

	/* Skip a possible UTF-8 BOM, even though the Unicode standard
	 * discourages having these in UTF-8 documents */
	if (size >= 3 && memcmp(data, UTF8_BOM, 3) == 0)
		beg += 3;

	while (beg < size) /* iterating over lines */
		if (footnotes_enabled && is_footnote(data, beg, size, &end, &doc->footnotes_found))
			beg = end;
		else if (is_ref(data, beg, size, &end, doc->refs))
			beg = end;
		else { /* skipping to the next line */
			end = beg;
			while (end < size && data[end] != '\n' && data[end] != '\r')
				end++;

			/* adding the line body if present */
			if (end > beg)
				expand_tabs(text, data + beg, end - beg);

			while (end < size && (data[end] == '\n' || data[end] == '\r')) {
				/* add one \n per newline */
				if (data[end] == '\n' || (end + 1 < size && data[end + 1] != '\n'))
					hoedown_buffer_putc(text, '\n');
				end++;
			}

			beg = end;
		}

	/* pre-grow the output buffer to minimize allocations */
	hoedown_buffer_grow(ob, text->size + (text->size >> 1));

	/* second pass: actual rendering */
	if (doc->md.doc_header)
		doc->md.doc_header(ob, 0, &doc->data);

	if (text->size) {
		/* adding a final newline if not already present */
		if (text->data[text->size - 1] != '\n' &&  text->data[text->size - 1] != '\r')
			hoedown_buffer_putc(text, '\n');

		parse_block(ob, doc, text->data, text->size, &line);
	}

	/* footnotes */
	if (footnotes_enabled) {
		line = 1;
		parse_footnote_list(ob, doc, &doc->footnotes_used, &line);
	}

	if (doc->md.doc_footer)
		doc->md.doc_footer(ob, 0, &doc->data);

	/* clean-up */
	hoedown_buffer_free(text);
	free_link_refs(doc->refs);
	if (footnotes_enabled) {
		free_footnote_list(&doc->footnotes_found, 1);
		free_footnote_list(&doc->footnotes_used, 0);
	}

	assert(doc->work_bufs[BUFFER_SPAN].size == 0);
	assert(doc->work_bufs[BUFFER_BLOCK].size == 0);
}

void
hoedown_document_render_inline(hoedown_document *doc, hoedown_buffer *ob, const uint8_t *data, size_t size)
{
	size_t i = 0, mark;
	hoedown_buffer *text = hoedown_buffer_new(64);

	/* reset the references table */
	memset(&doc->refs, 0x0, REF_TABLE_SIZE * sizeof(void *));

	/* first pass: expand tabs and process newlines */
	hoedown_buffer_grow(text, size);
	while (1) {
		mark = i;
		while (i < size && data[i] != '\n' && data[i] != '\r')
			i++;

		expand_tabs(text, data + mark, i - mark);

		if (i >= size)
			break;

		while (i < size && (data[i] == '\n' || data[i] == '\r')) {
			/* add one \n per newline */
			if (data[i] == '\n' || (i + 1 < size && data[i + 1] != '\n'))
				hoedown_buffer_putc(text, '\n');
			i++;
		}
	}

	/* second pass: actual rendering */
	hoedown_buffer_grow(ob, text->size + (text->size >> 1));

	if (doc->md.doc_header)
		doc->md.doc_header(ob, 1, &doc->data);

	parse_inline(ob, doc, text->data, text->size, 1);

	if (doc->md.doc_footer)
		doc->md.doc_footer(ob, 1, &doc->data);

	/* clean-up */
	hoedown_buffer_free(text);

	assert(doc->work_bufs[BUFFER_SPAN].size == 0);
	assert(doc->work_bufs[BUFFER_BLOCK].size == 0);
}

void
hoedown_document_free(hoedown_document *doc)
{
	size_t i;

	for (i = 0; i < (size_t)doc->work_bufs[BUFFER_SPAN].asize; ++i)
		hoedown_buffer_free(doc->work_bufs[BUFFER_SPAN].item[i]);

	for (i = 0; i < (size_t)doc->work_bufs[BUFFER_BLOCK].asize; ++i)
		hoedown_buffer_free(doc->work_bufs[BUFFER_BLOCK].item[i]);

	hoedown_stack_uninit(&doc->work_bufs[BUFFER_SPAN]);
	hoedown_stack_uninit(&doc->work_bufs[BUFFER_BLOCK]);

	free(doc);
}